'Nirvana' or we can say 'Moksha'; these are two words which are from Hindu mythology and books describing the re-birth and life cycle of humans. As per Hindu mythology, it is believed that human takes several births until it attains ‘Moksha’ which means the soul gets freedom from life cycle. The oldest and heritage city in India, Varanasi is the oldest city in the world. It is the city of ancient Indian and a reflection of Hindu culture and tradition and also the land of Buddha.
The holy river Ganga and old temples of Varanasi makes the city a famous heritage city in India and travelers from all across the world desires to visit Varanasi to feel its spiritual essence and vibrant colors of Hindu tradition.
Explore the top 20 attractions to explore Varanasi-
- New Vishwanath Temple
New Vishwanath Temple in Varanasi is built by Birla group and it is built in white marble having the quotes of Gita on the walls of the temple. The temple is divided into seven different complexes in the premises of Banaras Hindu University. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and the other complexes are dedicated to Durga, Laxmi Narayan, and several other Gods and Goddess.
- Vishwanath Temple
Vishwanath Temple of Varanasi is a holy temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and devotees from all over India visit this temple as a jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva. The temple is noted as the oldest one and built by Lord Vishwakarma when he built the Varanasi city.
- Kathwala Temple
The Kathwala temple is the finest example of Nepal wooden architecture. The entire temple is built of wood and it was built by the king of Nepal giving the best example of Wooden masterpiece and architecture.
- Tulsi Manas Temple
A very famous Indian epic 'Ramayan' was written by Tulsi das which was about the life and story of Lord Rama. The Tulis Manas temple is built on the place where Tulsi Das wrote his epic and the temple is attractive because of its white marble.
- Monkey Temple
It is actually a temple dedicated to Goddess Durga but the temple premises has lots of monkeys and that is the reason it is also called as Monkey temple. Travelers visit the temple to find the crowd of monkeys.
- Bharat Mata Temple
In the year 1936, Mahatma Gandhi inaugurated the Bharat Mata temple just to inspire freedom fighters and give respect and tribute to Mother earth as the name of Bharat Mata. The Bharat Mata temple has a statue and Indian map.
- Alamgir Mosque
The Alamgir mosque is located on the bank of river Ganga and it was built by Mughal ruler Aurangzeb. The mosque premises gives a wonderful time and the scenic beauty of the river Ganga.
- Dasaswamedh Ghat
Dasaswamedh Ghat of Varanasi is very close to Lord Vishwanath temple and the ghat gives a view of old-style architecture. The ghat is famous for its Ganga Aarti and unique crowd of Sadhus and saints.
- Assi Ghat
Assi ghat of Varanasi has its own charm and influence among other ghats. The ghat is famous for huge stairs and wooden boats giving a ride to the ghats of Varanasi.
- Manikarnika Ghat
The Manikarnika Ghat is the oldest ghat and it is also called as the burning ghat. The dead bodies are cremated here to depart the soul for attaining the Moksha. The ghat remains busy for the entire day burning bodies and people living in Varanasi and nearby city bring the dead bodies of their relatives to Varanasi for cremation to attain Moksha.
- Manmandir Ghat
The Manmandir ghat was built by Maharaja Man Singh in 1600 near to Dasaswamedh Ghat. It is popular for Sthuladanta Vinayak, Rameshwara and Someshwara temples.
- Shivala Ghat
The Shivala Ghat was built by Nepalese King Sanjay Vikram Shah in the 19th century. It is the reflection of historic architecture and the Hindu devotees visit this ghat for a Holy dip in Ganga ghat and wash the sins.
- Harishchandra Ghat
The Harishchandra Ghat is named after King Harishchandra, and it also just like Manikarnika ghat is known for the cremation of dead bodies.
- Tulsi Ghat
This ghat is also recognized and named after Tulsi Das. The ghat is famous for having a huge temple of Lord Rama and also it is believed that Tulsi Das wrote a few stories of Ramayan on this bank.
- Darbhanga Ghat
The Darbhanga ghat is next to Dasaswamedh Ghat and it is the chosen ghat for the rituals and prayers like Asthi Visarjan after the cremation. The people who can't come to Varanasi, bring the remaining ash of their loved one to mix it in the Ganges on this bank.
- Scindia Ghat
Scindia Ghat in Varanasi is the home of temples and here on this ghat there are lots of temples dedicated to different Gods and Goddess and majorly Lord Shiva. The devotees like to spend their time sitting on the premises of the Ghat.
- Ramnagar Fort
Ramnagar Fort once belonged to the royal family of Varanasi and the palace still reflects its pride and glory. It is located on the Assi ghat and tourists come to visit the palace now as a museum.
Sarnath close to Varanasi is a famous pilgrim center for Buddhist. Lord Buddha got enlightened here under the Bodhi tree and preached his first sermon about the truth of life. The Deer Park and Ashoka pillar are some of the major attractions in Sarnath.
- Gyan Vapi well
The Gyan Vapi well is located near to Lord Vishwanath having sacred water in the well. Later, Mughal emperor Aurangzeb demolished the well and built a mosque in this premise.
Kausambi is near to Varanasi and it is the land sharing two aspects one from the Mahabharat and another about Lord Buddha. The Pandavas built this city and Buddha also visited the city to preach his sermon to his disciples.